Silicon nitride ceramics have the most versatile combination of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties and are a high-performance technical ceramic. It has a high temperature capability that exceeds most metals, and has excellent creep and oxidation resistance. In addition, its excellent thermal shock resistance and high abrasion resistance make it an excellent material capable of withstanding the harshest conditions in the most demanding industrial applications.
This is the most popular method for producing high-strength and complex geometry silicon nitride components. The GPSN method uses a silicon nitride powder that has been mixed with sintering aids to promote liquid phase sintering (typically yttria, magnesium oxide, and/or alumina) as-well-as binders to improve the mechanical strength of green ceramic body. The powder is pressed into the desired form and green-machining can take place. The compacts are then placed into a furnace that has a pressurized nitrogen atmosphere to aid with densification and prevent the evaporation/decomposition of the silicon, nitrogen and additives.
Hot Pressed Silicon Nitride (HPSN)
HPSN is produced by uniaxially pressing silicon nitride powder (with sintering additives) while applying heat at the same time. A special type of press and die is required for this process. It produces a silicon nitride with excellent mechanical properties, however, only simple shapes can be produced. Because it is impossible to green-machine a component that is hot-pressed, diamond grinding is the only way to create complex geometries. Because of the high costs and difficulties associated with diamond grinding and hot-pressing, its use is typically limited to the production of simple components in small quantities.
Silicon Nitride Ceramics Properties
Features of Silicon Nitride Ceramics
Very low density;
Very high fracture toughness;
Good bending strength;
Excellent thermal shock resistance: high thermal stress parameters;
Extremely high operating temperature.
Silicon Nitride Mechanical Properties
Gray or black
Gray or black
Gray or black
Modulus of Elasticity
Silicon Nitride Thermal Properties
Maximum Use Temperature
Thermal Conductivity @ 25°C
Thermal Expansion a at 40–400°C
1 x 10-6/°C
Thermal Shock Resistance
℃(Put in water)
Silicon Nitride Electrical Properties
Volume Resistivity @ 25°C
Volume Resistivity @ 500°C
*The values are typical material properties and may vary according to products configuration and manufacturing process. For more details, Please feel free to contact us.
*At not too high temperature, Si3N4 has high strength and impact resistance, but it will be damaged with the increase of use time above 1200℃, reducing its strength, and it is more prone to fatigue damage above 1450℃, so Si3N4 The operating temperature generally does not exceed 1300 ℃.
Silicon Nitride Ceramics Uses
Rotating ball & rollers bearings
valves, rocker arm pads, seal faces
Induction heating coil supports
Turbine blades, vanes, buckets
Welding & brazing jigs
Heating Element components
Metal tube forming rolls and dies
TIG / Plasma welding nozzles
Precision shafts and axles in high wear environments
Great Ceramic is a professional manufacturer of silicon nitride ceramics. We are always happy to use our many years of experience in advanced ceramics to advise on materials, designs and applications. If you would like to purchase silicon nitride sheets, rods, tubes or custom machined parts, please contact us and each of our experts will be happy to assist you.
Compared with other technical ceramics, its low thermal expansion coefficient provides good thermal shock resistance. It is very hard, exceeding the high temperature capability of most metals, and also has excellent oxidation resistance. Therefore, silicon nitride can withstand the harshest conditions in the most demanding high-temperature, high-load applications.
Silicon nitride ceramics have low thermal expansion coefficient and high thermal conductivity, so it has excellent thermal shock resistance. At not too high temperature, silicon nitride has high strength and impact resistance, but it will be damaged with the increase of use time above 1200℃, which will reduce its strength, and fatigue damage will occur more easily above 1450℃. Therefore, the service temperature of silicon nitride generally does not exceed 1300°C.